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Citation Guide: APA Citation

Summaries of APA, MLA, and University of Chicago style guides for in-text and bibliographic citations.

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APA Citation Style -- Some Examples

The following are some basic examples of citation using APA style.  For more information consult the style guides to the right.

In-text citation, paraphrase from book:

Hamilton felt slighted at not being given a front-line command position (Chernow, 2004, p. 155).

Reference entry, book:

Chernow, R. (2004). Alexander Hamilton. New York, NY: Penguin Press.

 

In-text citiation, paraphrase from book chapter:

According to Becker, a commercial musician was looked on by the jazz community as one who sacrificed artistic goals and respect of his peers for frequent jobs and good pay (2014, p. 170).

Reference entry, book chapter:

Becker, H. S. (2014).  The professional dance musician and his audience. In R. Walser (Ed.), Keeping time: Readings in jazz history (2nd ed.) (pp.164-175).  New York: Oxford University Press.

 

In-text citation, excerpt from journal article:

New approaches to mass media began in earnest when “the Web’s aura of empowerment and control also cast shadows on old media.” (Heuman, 2011, p. 32)

Reference entry, journal article (from online database):

Heuman, J.  (2011). “I don't want to pay for what I don't watch”: The cultural politics of à la carte cable television and the cultural life of communication policy. Communication, Culture & Critique 4(1), 31-55. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-9137.2010.01091.x 

 

In-text citation, paraphrase from magazine article:

The Tel Aviv Stock Exchange hosted only four initial public offerings in 2014 (Coppola & Solomon, 2014)

Reference entry, magazine article from online database (using permalink):

Coppola, G., & Solomon, S. (2014). Persuading Israel’s tech firms to IPO at home. Bloomberg Businessweek, (4403), 40-41.  Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx? direct=true& db=mth&AN=99418874&site=ehost-live.***

***For a print publication accessed through an online database, including a URL is optional depending on the needs of the instructor or reader.

 

In-text citation, excerpt from webpage:

“When employees understand the end goal, they’re more likely to deliver what is needed from them the first time around.” (Rittiman, 2015, item 7)

Reference entry, webpage:

Rittiman, E. (2015, Mar. 12).  Make yourself indispensable – 8 traits that prove leadership potential.  Retrieved from https://csuglobal.edu/blog/make-indispensable-8-traits-prove-leadership-potential

 

In-text citation, paraphrase from webpage, no author:

Stimulus fading is a technique that involves slowly introducing less familiar people in the child’s environment and gradually encouraging the child to interact with them (“Selective mutism,” 2017).

Reference entry, webpage, no author:

Selective mutism. (2017).  Retrieved from http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/SelectiveMutism/

Citation Guides

APA Formatting and Style Guide from the Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL)

APA Style Blog from the American Psychological Association: solutions to less standard citing questions

Citation Fox (APA version) from the University at Albany

APA Tutorial from Marquette University